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Scientists estimate that Vietnam may be home to less than 100 wild Asian elephants today, living in three small groups in Dak Lak, Dong Nai and Nghe An provinces.
Major threats to elephants include habitat loss and hunting, mainly to exploit the ivory tusks found only on male Asian elephants. Wild elephants are also captured live for domestication and used as work animals and for tourism.
Vietnam is home to the Indochinese tiger subspecies (Panthera tigris corbetti). This subspecies is also found in Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos PDR and China. Experts believe that as few as 30 tigers may remain in the wild in Vietnam, most surviving in border areas of the central and northwest region of the country.
The biggest threats to Vietnam’s tigers are hunting and illegal trade. Tigers are mainly traded for their bones which are used to make tiger bone glue; however, they are also consumed in the form of wine, and highly valued as decorations and jewelry.
Vietnam’s wild tiger populations are also threatened by habitat loss mainly due to deforestation, and the loss of the large ungulate prey such as gaur and sambar deer that they need to survive.