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In the quarter two of 2014, ENV conducted intensive consumer wildlife crime surveys in 19/29 wards of Hue city, Thua Thien Hue province. During the surveys, all business establishments matching pre-determined criteria were inspected within the city. Overall, violations were recorded in 11.9% of 353 business establishments inspected in 19 wards of Hue city. The highest percentage of violations were found in pet shops (81%) and and restaurant (9%) followed by TCM shops (3.8%).
As part of a series of ongoing investigations targeting the smuggling of rhino horns, ENV has had the opportunity to interview a number of rhino horn smugglers and their families. The following testimonial gives a “behind the scenes” look at the smuggling process, and according to the smuggler, highlights the difficulties that the government faces as it seeks to crack down on smuggling.
ENV has documented a total of 280 violations involving tigers and tiger products since 2006. These include 120 incidents of advertising and selling tiger bone TCM, teeth, claws, and products, 55 possession cases including both live tigers and trophy tigers, and 107 violations involving smuggling and trade of tigers, which includes keeping, transporting, and processing tigers and their parts.
In January 2014, ENV carried out a review of criminal prosecutions which involved rare and endangered wildlife species that are currently listed in Group 1B of Decree 32/2006 and are fully protected under Vietnamese law. The review was carried out to evaluate the outcome of these criminal cases and assess whether punishment that was applied for serious criminal offenses involving wildlife may be effective in deterring criminal behavior and meeting the full protection needs of Vietnam’s most critically endangered species as intended under the law.
ENV’s latest bear bile use analysis, released May 2012, indicates that more than 30% of people surveyed in rural communities, mostly in the northern region of Vietnam, have consumed bear bile. Comparing the findings to an earlier ENV study of urban bear bile users, attitudes and behaviors were quite similar between users in rural and urban centers.
This updated version of the “Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Identification Resource” (in Vietnamese language) was released in April 2012 by ENV, Cuc Phuong Turtle Conservation Center (TCC) and the Asian Turtle Program (ATP). It includes information on 25 species of tortoise and freshwater turtle in Vietnam that are protected by Vietnamese and international laws (full resource is in Vietnamese language).
A review of documented pangolin smuggling and trade cases in Vietnam covering a six year period, from 2005 to 2010. The analysis provides an overview of pangolin trade including the volume of trade and suspected trade routes, and obstacles faced in confronting the pangolin trade in Vietnam. Synopsis published in June 2011.
ENV’s study focusing on the social and geographic profiles of bear bile consumers in urban areas indicates that 22% of people surveyed have used bear bile in the past; with Hanoi having a much higher rate of users than Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh City. The study also profiled the demographics of users and looked at their attitudes and behavior. Report published in 2010.
A summary of findings from ENV’s 12-month tiger trade investigation in Vietnam, including an overview of Vietnam’s tiger trade, sources and trafficking routes; use of tiger products; tiger farming, farm management and administration; and enforcement efforts. Findings published in March 2010.
An easy-to-use resource from seaturtle.org for identification of the world’s eight marine turtle species.