There are five species of macaques native to Vietnam. These include the long-tailed or crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis), pig-tailed macaque (Macaca leonina), Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta), stump-tailed macaque (Macaca arctoides), and the Assamese macaque (Macaca assamensis).
All five of Vietnam’s macaque species are threatened by hunting and trade. Large numbers of macaques are legally exported each year to Europe and the US where they are used in cosmetic and biomedical research laboratories. However, many of these animals are suspected of being wild-caught and laundered through legal farms.
Macaques are also used in traditional medicine, kept as pets in Vietnam, and eaten at wildlife restaurants.